What is Cost of Goods Sold?
Cost of Goods Sold is a feature in A2X that will calculate the total cost of the products you sell on Amazon for each settlement period and send the transaction to your accounting system so that you can correctly record the changes in inventory and cost of sales. This will give you an accurate view of your gross profitability and margins directly in your financial reports.
Getting Started/Setup of costs and COGS accounts
In order to use Cost of Goods Sold features you will need to provide A2X with two things:
- Cost price data for your Amazon products
- The asset and expense accounts from your chart of accounts to use for the transaction
Both of these are configured in A2X settings under the Product Costs tab.
Cost Price Data
Download an example cost template, or a blank template with your SKUs pre-populated. Edit the template in your favorite spreadsheet to add cost information, and then upload the cost file in .csv format to A2X so it can be used for calculations.
Asset and Expense Accounts
To create accounts in your accounting system for your inventory and COGS. Select these accounts in A2X settings, so they are applied on the COGS invoices A2X generates.
Pro tip: There is a delay after creating accounts in your accounting system to when they appear in A2X, you can force the cache to refresh under Settings > Connections in A2X.
Reviewing and Sending COGS invoices to your accounting system
After you enable COGS in the A2X settings, and upload your costs and configure your asset and expense accounts, you will need to refresh any old settlement periods that you wish to recalculate the COGS data for. You can do this on a single settlement by clicking the Refresh link, or use the bulk tools (click the little spanner icon) to refresh multiple settlement periods at once.
When the settlement has been refreshed you can click Review to see the details of the COGS for that period, and send the data to your accounting system. The COGS invoices will appear below the usual Sales and Fees invoices, you will see one or two invoices depending on whether the settlement period spans more than one month.
Each Amazon settlement is processed, the quantity of product sold is calculated and the cost value of the product is totaled into invoices in the same way as the sales and fees. You can configure A2X to include or exclude the non-Amazon shipments, which allows COGS calculations for non-Amazon sales shipped from Amazon FBA. You can upload different cost data and refresh a settlement to have A2X re-calculate the new cost of goods sold values by clicking Refresh.
When all SKUs have a cost associated with them, you can send the invoices to your accounting system by pressing the 'Send Invoices' button.
The COGS invoices in your accounting system
When you send the COGS invoices to your accounting system they will always total to zero and be considered 'Bills'. The invoices reflect a non-cash movement of inventory asset value to cost of goods sold expense. The accounts chosen in A2X settings will be used on the invoice.
You can view the specific details on the invoice including the source of the cost data used for the calculation, A2X aggregates the totals in the invoice.
Each COGS invoice sent to your accounting system will have supporting data attached so that the calculations that were used can be recreated should they be required during audit or review.